澳洲
大洋洲位于太平洋西南部和南部的赤道南北廣大海域中。在亞洲和南極洲之間,西鄰印度洋,東臨太平洋,并與南北美洲遙遙相對。 其狹義的范圍是指東部的波利尼西亞、中部的密克羅尼西亞和西部的美拉尼西亞三大島群。成… 閱讀
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周邊目的地: 出境游 國內游 周邊游
澳洲

大洋洲位于太平洋西南部和南部的赤道南北廣大海域中。在亞洲和南極洲之間,西鄰印度洋,東臨太平洋,并與南北美洲遙遙相對。 其狹義的范圍是指東部的波利尼西亞、中部的密克羅尼西亞和西部的美拉尼西亞三大島群。成為亞非之間與南、北美洲之間船舶、飛機往來所需淡水、燃料和食物供應站, 又是海底電纜的交匯處,在交通和戰略上具有重要地位。大洋洲陸地總面積約897萬平方千米。大洋洲有14個獨立國家,其余十幾個地區尚在美、英、法等國的管轄之下。 在地理上劃分為澳大利亞、新西蘭、新幾內亞、美拉尼西亞、密克羅尼西亞和波利尼西亞六區。 基本信息 英文名稱:Oceania 法文名稱:Océanie 洲名釋義:源于西班牙文,原名澳大利亞洲又被稱為“南方大陸”。與澳洲概念不完全相同. 大洋洲一般包括澳大利亞大陸、塔斯馬尼亞島、新西蘭南北二島、新幾內亞島,以及波利尼西亞、密克羅尼西亞、美拉尼西亞三大群島。共有一萬多個島嶼。 國家: 共有14個獨立國家:澳大利亞聯邦、巴布亞新幾內亞獨立國、斐濟群島共和國、基里巴斯共和國、馬紹爾群島共和國、密克羅尼西亞聯邦、瑙魯共和國、 帕勞共和國、薩摩亞獨立國、所羅門群島、湯加王國、圖瓦盧、瓦努阿圖共和國、新西蘭。其余十幾個地區為美、英、法等國的屬地。 面積: 897萬平方千米,是世界上最小的一個洲。 人口: 2900萬人,除南極洲外,是世界上人口最少的一個洲。 語言: 絕大部分居民使用英語。 宗教: 絕大部分居民信奉基督教,少數信奉天主教、印度教。 大洋洲的經緯度位置有何特點 (縱跨南北兩半球,從47°S-30°N,共跨緯度約77°;橫跨東西半球,從110°E-160°W,共跨經度約130°.東西距離有10000多千米,南北距離有8000多千米.

最佳季節:6月-8月最佳。 澳大利亞的冬天是觀光旅行的最好季節。澳大利亞內陸部分基本上是沙漠地帶,夏天日間氣溫經常超過40°C,而且非常干燥,所以旅行艱難;而冬天日間氣溫25~28°C,很舒服,是觀光旅行的最好季節。 位于南半球的澳大利亞,氣候宜人,沒有極端溫差,約可分為兩個氣候區。在南回歸線之上的北部地區(約占澳大利亞40%土地),為熱帶區。其他地方(即南回歸線以南),則屬于溫帶區。澳大利亞幅員廣闊,以至區內氣溫仍有差異。溫帶區內四季分明,而熱帶區只分夏濕和冬干兩季。 澳大利亞的季節,恰與地處北半球的中國相反,每年四季時間:春季9月~11月,夏季12月~2月,秋季3月~5月,冬季6月~8月。

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