美洲
走進北美洲北亞美利加洲,簡稱北美洲 (North America)位于西半球北部。東瀕大西洋,西臨太平洋,北瀕北冰洋,南以巴拿馬運河為界與南美洲相分。面積:2422.8萬平方千米(包括附近島嶼),約占… 閱讀
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周邊目的地: 出境游 國內游 周邊游
美洲

走進北美洲

北亞美利加洲,簡稱北美洲 (North America)位于西半球北部。東瀕大西洋,西臨太平洋,北瀕北冰洋,南以巴拿馬運河為界與南美洲相分。面積:2422.8萬平方千米(包括附近島嶼),約占世界陸地總面積的16.2%,是世界第三大洲。通用英語、西班牙語,其次是法語、荷蘭語、印第安語等。 北美洲包括國家:巴哈馬、伯利茲、美國、巴巴多斯、加拿大、哥斯達黎加、古巴、薩爾瓦多、格林納達、危地馬拉、洪都拉斯、海地、牙買加、圣盧西亞、墨西哥、尼加拉瓜、巴拿馬、多米尼加、多米尼克、圣文森特和格林納丁斯、特立尼達和多巴哥、安提瓜和巴布達、圣基茨和尼維斯、波多黎各、荷屬安的列斯(是世界上島國最多的大洲)。

走進南美洲

南美洲位于西半球的南部,東瀕大西洋,西臨太平洋,北瀕加勒比海,南隔德雷克海峽與南極洲相望。一般以巴拿馬運河為界同北美洲相分,包括哥倫比亞、委內瑞拉、圭亞那、蘇里南、厄瓜多爾、秘魯、巴西、玻利維亞、智利、巴拉圭、烏拉圭、阿根廷、法屬圭亞那等13個國家和地區。 南美洲大陸地形可分為三個南北向縱列帶:西部為狹長的安第斯山,東部為波狀起伏的高原,中部為廣闊平坦的平原低地。南美洲海拔300米以下的平原約占全洲面積的60%,海拔300米至海拔3000米之間的高原、丘陵和山地約占全洲面積的33%,海拔3 000米以上的高原和山地約占全洲面積的7%。全洲平均海拔600米。安第斯山脈由幾條平行山嶺組成,山體最寬處達400千米,全長約9 000千米,大部分海拔3 000米以上,是世界上最長的山脈,也是世界最高大的山系之一。安第斯山脈有不少高峰海拔6 000米以上,其中阿空加瓜山海拔6 960米,是南美洲最高峰。南美洲東部有寬廣的巴西高原、圭亞那高原。南部則有巴塔哥尼亞高原。南美洲平原自北而南有奧里諾科平原、亞馬孫平原和拉普拉塔平原。其中亞馬孫平原面積約560萬平方千米,是世界上面積最大的沖積平原,地形坦蕩,海拔多在200米以下。

最佳季節:11月-次年4月是南美洲的最佳旅游時節。 巴西位于南半球,其冬夏與北半球相反,每年12月底到3月底為夏季,6月底到9月底為冬季。當地夏季是旅游旺季,如果想避開人潮和攝氏37度以上高溫的話,4到10月是比較好的時間。 到智利旅游最好安排在每年的10月至次年的4月之間,此時南半球正處于夏秋交替時期,氣候宜人,景色秀麗。 至于阿根廷,1月和2月非常炎熱,而北方的亞熱帶地區則非常潮濕(包括伊瓜蘇瀑布)。不過這卻是訪問安第斯高原和南部巴塔哥尼亞的最好季節——不過仍然需要準備保暖的衣物。布宜諾斯艾利斯的最好季節是春季和秋季?;┱弋斎粫x擇在冬季(6月到9月)前往安第斯山脈。

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